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(Answered) Anatomy And Physiology 2 – Exam 4


Question 1

The amount of potassium excreted by the kidneys is regulated mainly by:

  • Stomach
  • Aldosterone
  • Atrial natriuretic peptides
  • Gherlin

Question 2

The middle piece of the sperm contains the __________ in a spiral arrangement.

  • Chromosome
  • Flagella
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus

Question 3

The ___________ of the uterine tube is between the uterus and the ampulla.

  • Ovary
  • No answers are correct
  • Isthmus
  • Os

Question 4

The ________ carries fluid from the seminal gland (seminal vesicle) through the prostate.

  • Urinary bladder.
  • Ejaculatory duct
  • Testicles
  • Ureter

Question 5

The __________ are fingerlike projections that capture the freshly ovulated ovum.

  • Uterine lining
  • Fimbriae
  • Ovary
  • Cervix

Question 6

Which of the following descriptions best matches the term myometrium?

  • After ovulation, the ovum is released from it to reach the fimbrae.
  • Supports the uterus distally.
  • Thick layer of smooth muscle cells
  • Consists of a functional zone and a nonfunctional zone

Question 7

The rete testis is connected to the epididymis by

  • Efferent ductules
  • The ureters
  • The umbilical cord
  • The tunica vaginalis

Question 8

The reproductive system includes all the following except

  • Organs for copulation
  • Ducts that receives and transports gametes
  • Glands and organs that produce and store urine
  • Accessory glands and organs that secrete fluids

Question 9

Fatty folds of skin that encircle and partially conceal the libia minora and vestibule are the

  • Cervix
  • Vestibular arches
  • Libia mijora
  • Ampulate

Question 10

Ovarian cancer is the deadliest of the reproductive cancers because it

  • Affects the elderly population only
  • It always metastasizes to the brain and liver
  • Is the most aggressive of all cancers
  • Is usually not diagnosed early

 Question 11

All of the following are true of emission and ejaculation expect they

  • Stimulate the release of urine from bladder during urination
  • Are responsible for propelling semen toward the external urethral opening
  • Involve contractions of the seminal glands
  • Occur under sympathetic and stimulation

Question 12

Where in the male reproductive system would you expect to find the MOST mature sperm?

  • In the penis
  • In the urinary bladder
  • In the prostate gland
  • Near the tail of the epididymis

Question 13

Oogenesis produces

  • 1 seconary oocyte and 2 or 3 polar bodies.
  • Nothing
  • 0.5 secondary oocytes
  • 7 ova and 12 or 10 polar bodies.

Question 14

Which of the following is NOT a renal response to acidosis

  • Death
  • Increase buffer activity
  • Release of HCI into peritubular capillary fluid to increase acidity
  • Secretion of H+

Question 15

Which of the following description BEST fits the acid-base disorder metabolic alkalosis?

  • Consequences of exercises
  • Consequences of prolonged vomiting
  • Consequences of taking a walk
  • Consequences of playing video games

Question 16

A person with emphysema will exhibit signs of

  • Chronic respiratory acidosis
  • Chronic metabolic acidosis
  • Metabolic alkalosis
  • Cancer

Question 17

When the pH _______, a state of acidosis exists.

  • Rises above 9
  • Falls below 7.35
  • Rises above 12
  • Falls below 2

Question 18

In response to respiratory alkalosis, the

  • Kidney fail
  • Digestion stops
  • Kidney retain more hydrogen ions
  • Metabolic rate increases

Question 19

Which hormone(s) is released by heart muscle in response to excessive chamber volume?

  • Insulin
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone
  • Natriuretic peptide hormone
  • Growth hormone

Question 20

The principal ions in intracellular fluid are magnesium, phosphate, and

  • Oxygen
  • Potassium
  • Helium
  • Iron

Question 21

A person with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus will develop

  • Chronic respiratory alkalosis
  • Respiratory acidosis
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Acute respiratory alkalosis

Question 22

All the following are components of extracellular fluid EXCEPT

  • Red blood cells
  • Aqueous humor
  • Peritoneal fluid
  • Lymph

Question 23

The primary role of the carbonic-acid bicarbonate buffer system is to

  • Buffer stomach acid
  • Increase ventilation
  • Limit pH changes caused by metabolic and fixed acids
  • Buffer carbonic acid formed by the stomach

Question 24

Calcium reabsorption by the kidney is promoted by the hormone

  • Insulin
  • Cortisol
  • Glucose
  • Parathyroid hormone

Question 25

In an adult female, the body consists of about ________ percent water.

  • 50
  • 14
  • 0
  • 10

Question 26

The most dangerous problems with electrolyte balance are caused by an inbalance between gains and losses of

  • Potassium ions
  • Water
  • Iron
  • Red blood cells

Question 27

The functional units of kidneys where blood is filtered and urine produced are called

  • Lobes
  • Nephrons
  • Nodules
  • Urinary bladder

Question 28

A drug that inhibits angiotension converting enzyme (ACE) may lead to all of the following EXCEPT

  • Increased urinary loss of sodium
  • Increased fluid retention in the ankles
  • Reduction of blood pressure
  • Decreased sodium reabsorption

Question 29

The region of the nephron containing intercalated cells primarily associated with pH balance is the

  • Dumping duct
  • Proximal convoluted tubule
  • Nephron loop
  • Collecting duct.

Question 30

Approximately _________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.

  • 180
  • 0
  • 1 million
  • 1000

Question 31

The primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule is

  • Secretion of acids
  • Secretion of drugs
  • Reabsorption of ions, organic molecules, vitamins, and water
  • Lowering the urine pH to zero.

Question 32

The _____ delivers urine to a minor calyx.

  • Urinary bladder
  • Renal pelvis
  • Urethra
  • Papillary duct

Question 33

The main force that causes filtration in a nephron is

  • Glomerular hydrostatic pressure
  • Reabsorption in proximal convoluted tubule pulls filtrate from blood.
  • Blood pressure
  • Blood

Question 34

The inability of the kidneys to excrete adequately to maintain homeostasis is

  • Calculi
  • COPD
  • Renal failure
  • Heart failure

Question 35

The ______ test is often used to estimate the glomerular filtration rate.

  • Specific glavity
  • Bloodpressure
  • Insulin
  • Creatinine clearance

Question 36

Insoluble deposits that form within the urinary tract from calcium salts, magnesium salts, or uric acid are called kidney stones or renal

  • Calculi
  • Plaques
  • Thrombosis
  • Tumors

Question 37

Urine is carried from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body by the

  • Pyramid
  • Urethra
  • Nephron
  • Collecting duct

Question 38

Tubular reabsorbtion involves all the following EXCEPT

  • Cotransport
  • Active transport
  • Facilitated diffusion
  • Stem cell movements

Question 39

Modified smooth muscle in the wall of the afferent arteriole that secrete renin are called;

  • Stem cells
  • Principal cells
  • Extraglomerular mesangial cells
  • Juxtaglomerular cells

Question 40

Reabsorbed water and solutes enter into the

  • Ureter
  • Aorta
  • Peritubular fluid
  • Pyramid

Question 41

Filtrate first passes from the glomerular capsule to the

  • Nephron
  • Minor calyx
  • Collecting duct
  • Proximal convoluted tubule

Question 42

The majority of cotransporters and countertransporters are linked to the reabsorption of what ion?

  • Sulfur
  • Sodium
  • Platinum
  • Iron


Question 1

The amount of potassium excreted by the kidneys is regulated mainly by:

  • Stomach
  • Aldosterone
  • Atrial natriuretic peptides
  • Gherlin
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